ADMISSION

Overview


•  BOT stands for Bachelor of Occupational Therapy. It is a job oriented undergraduate course.  'Occupational Therapy is a holistic evidence-based client- centred first contact and/or referral profession of modern health care system, based on science of occupation, with primary focus on purposeful goal-oriented activity/occupations, enhanced with the use of latest technological systems for evaluation, diagnosis, education and treatment of the patients (clients) of any age group, whose function(s) is (are) impaired by physical, psychosocial and cognitive impairments, development disorders, or the ageing process affecting their quality of life, with the aim to prevent disability, promote health & well-being and return to optimum occupational roles.

Specific occupational therapy services include but are not limited to: preventive health literacy, assessment & interventions in activities of daily living (ADL), work & productive activities, play, leisure and spiritual activities; functional capacity analysis, prescription, designing and training in the use of assistive technology, adaptive equipment & splints, and environmental modifications to enhance functional performance

Occupational Therapy deals with patients having physical, mental, emotional and neurological limitations. It aims at improving the life, condition and rehabilitation of such handicapped and limited people through different modes of treatments such as- exercises, functional training, aiding devices and equipment, ergonomic training and environmental restructuring & adaptation using “Physical modalities as an adjunct to Occupational Therapy”. In short, it is “LIABILITY INTO ASSETS”.

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy trains students and helps them become skilled professional occupational therapists, capable of undertaking independent/supervised practice. Key skills drilled into students during Occupational Therapy course are- observation, clinical reasoning, treatment planning and implementation of the plan.

Occupational Therapy, often abbreviated as “OT”, incorporates meaningful and purposeful occupation to enable people with limitations or impairments to participate in everyday life. Occupational Therapy (OT) is an applied science and health profession that provides skilled treatment to help individuals develop, regain or maintain the skills necessary to participate in all facets of their lives. Occupational Therapy is any activity physical or mental, medically prescribed and professionally guided to aid a patient in recovery from disease or injury. Occupational therapists help people with disabilities to fulfill their roles and responsibilities as parent, worker, and /or student. OT does this through the use of therapeutic methods and assistive technology, orthotics (splint) and environmental modifications. The patient is what is important to the therapist. The patientsneeds, wants, desire for recovery are what the therapist will address and the goals are set with the help of family.

Occupational therapists work with individuals, families, groups and populations to facilitate health and well-being through engagement or re-engagement in occupation. Occupational therapists are becoming increasingly involved in addressing the impact of social and environmental factors that contribute to exclusion and occupational deprivation. Therapeutic use of selfcare, work and play activities to increase independent function, enhances development, and prevents disability. It may include adaptation of task or environment to achieve maximum   indepen-dence and to enhance quality of life. Occupational therapists focus on making independence a reality. While complete independence may not occur depending on the extent of the disability, occupational therapists will work with the patient or client to come up with strategies, techniques, or adaptations so that they can be as independent as possible. Occupational therapists use occupations to enable this. In the context of occupational therapy, occupation refers to meaningful activity.

Occupational Therapy gives people the“skills for the job of living” necessary for living meaningful and satisfying lives. Occupational Therapy is based on concept and models and services typically include:

• Customized treatment programs to improve one’s ability to perform daily activities

• Comprehensive home and job site evaluations with adaptation recommendations

• Performance skills assessments and treatment

• Adaptive equipment recommendations and usage training

• Guidance to family members and caregivers.

Eligibility Criteria


Science stream Biology Group (PCB subjects) students, who have passed 12th Science board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Candidate must also have scored a minimum score of 50% marks in PCB subjects.

Additionally, we look forward to have following quality in student

•  Fluency in English

•  Ability to speak in a persuasive tone

•  Clarity of speech

•  The scientific rationale behind procedures

•  Ability to operate equipment wisely

•  Empathy

•  Confidence

•  Convincing and persuasive

•  Good presentation skills

Course Outline


•  To get a better idea about the course structure and syllabus, let us take a look at some of the important subjects present in the program. OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY program is divided into 4 academic years. We will check out important subjects present in each academic year-

1st year subjects-

Human Anatomy, Psychology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Introduction to Occupational Therapy

2nd year subjects-

Occupational Therapeutics & Occupational therapy, Pathology, Microbiology, Kinesiology, Pharmacology, Social & Abnormal Psychology

3rd year subjects

Paediatrics, Medicine, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Neurology, General Surgery, ENT and Radiology, Orthopaedics, Psychiatry, Chest & Respiratory

4th year subjects-

Occupational Therapy in Orthopaedic Conditions, Occupational Therapy in Neurological Conditions, Occupational Therapy in Psychiatric Conditions, Occupational Therapy in Medical Conditions, Occupational Therapy in Surgical Conditions, Community Based Rehabilitation

Career Prospectives


•  Many possibilities and job opportunities exist, when it comes to the field of Occupational Therapy. After graduation and getting practice license, one may start working at Government or Private hospitals/clinics/community health centres.

Teaching jobs are also available in front of Post graduates. MOT may work as instructors at OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY colleges/training institutes. For building a rewarding teaching career, pursuing a PG course is recommended. After completing PG course, one may work as a Lecturer/Assistant Professor at Government or Private OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY Colleges/institutes.

PhD in Occupational therapy is also available at Santosh Deemed to be University

The ‘work abroad’ scope associated with this course is very promising! When it comes to developed countries such as the USA, the UK, Canada, New Zealand etc, healthcare system is very well developed. Governments there hire talented and skilled medical professionals from countries like India. Occupational Therapists are also in huge demand there.

International welfare associations as well as NGOs are also known to hire Occupational Therapists to help out needy people. Services offered by an OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY professional is needed by people hailing from diverse age groups- from kids to old aged people. The demand for OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY professionals is on rise. This trend has been the result of modern lifestyle.

Areas of Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapists work in a vast array of settings, these include:


Physical Dysfunctions:       

•  Orthopedics (fractures/falls), Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis.

•  Physical capacity evaluation.

•  Hand rehabilitation.

•  Burns, Nerve injuries, Amputations

•  Road Traffic Accidents etc.

•  Prosthetic and Orthosois training.

•  ADL (Activities of Daily Living) & Assistive Device Training.

 

Pediatrics/Developmental Disorders:

•  Cerebral Palsy, Congenital Deformities, Downs Syndrome

•  Mental Retardation, Autism, Learning disorder, ADHD

•  Sensory Integration Dysfunction

•  School Based Occupational Therapy

•  Other Developmental Disabilities etc.

 

Cardio- Pulmonary Disordes:

•  Work simplification and energy conversation techniques Cardiac Patients

•  Myocardial Infarction, COPD, etc.

 

Cumulative Trauma Disorders:

•  Work simplification and energy conversation techniques.

•  Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Low Back Pain. Work related Disorder

 

Community: Community based practice involves working with people in their own environment rather than in a hospital setting. It can also involve working with atypical populations such as the homeless or at-risk populations. Examples of community-based practice settings:

•  Health promotion and lifestyle change

•  Intermediate care

•  Access to work place, Home and community modification

•  People’s own homes, carrying out therapy and providing equipment and adaptations

•  Vocational rehabilitation

•  Architectural adaptations.

 

Neurological Disorder:

•  Stroke rehabilitation (Paralysis).

•  Head  injuries& Brain Tumor rehabilitation

•  Movement disorder (Parkinson disease)

•  Spinal cord injury rehabilitation

•  Neuropathies and Myopathies etc.

•  Multiple Sclerosis.

•  ADL (Activities of Daily Living) & Assistive Device Training

•  Adaptive device training

•  Wheel chair training.

 

Geriatric:

•  Alzheimers disease, Dementia etc.

•  ADL (Activities of Daily Living) Training to elderly

•  Adaptive device training

•  Wheel chair training.

•  Hospices (Old age Home)

 

Mental Health:

•  Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS)

•  Schizophrenia, Phobias, Mood, Anxiety Neurosis, Psychosomatic and Personality disorder

•  Alcoholism and Substance abuse

•  Functional capacity evaluation

•  Mental health clinics (day care centre, half way home and sheltered workshops)

•  Psychiatric rehabilitation programs

•  Mental Hospital

•  ADL (Activities of Daily Living) Training to Mentally ill Patients

•  Forensic psychiatry.

 

Occupational Therapy Approaches:Services typically include:

•  Teaching new ways of approaching tasks

•  How to break down activities into achievable components e.g. sequencing a complex task like cooking a complex meal.

•  Comprehensive home and job site evaluations with adaptation recommendations.

•  Performance skills assessments and treatment

•  Adaptive equipment recommendations and usage training.

•  Environmental adaptation including provision of equipment or designing adaptations to remove obstacles or make them manageable

•  Guidance to family members and caregivers.

 

Purpose of Occupational Therapy: 

•  The purpose of Occupational Therapy is functional restoration to help each patient, find him and function again as a complete man physically, socially, educationally and economically.

•  To enable people with limitations or impairments to participate in everyday life.

•  As specific treatment for restoration of physical functions, to increase joint motion, muscle strength and co-ordination

•  To teach self-help activities, those of daily living such as eating, dressing, writing, the use of adapted equipment

•  As a supportive measure to help the patient to utilize constructively a prolonged period of   hospitalization and convalescence

•  To develop work tolerance and maintenance of special skills as required by the patient’s job

•  To structure opportunities for the development of more satisfying relationships in psychiatric patients

• For re-direction of recreational and a vocational interests

•  To provide pre-vocational exploration to determine the patients physical and mental capacities, social adjustment, interests, work habits, skills and potential employment

•  To  convert functionally dependent patient  into functionally  independent

•  To help the disabled homemaker readjust to home routines with advice and instructions as to the adaptation of household equipment and work simplification.

 

Aims of Occupational Therapy:

•  Occupational therapists focus on making functional  independence a reality

•  To identify and evaluate barriers that may challenge the competence of individuals

•  To identify and evaluate supports that facilitates Occupational Functioning

•  To develop strategies to eliminate or ameliorate barriers

•  To foster supports.

 

 

Job profile:

Government organizations / institutions / hospitals / projects

Military Services

Non- government organizations

Private sectors like

Acute care hospitals & nursing homes

Rehabilitation centres and clinics / centres (like developmental therapy clinics, neuro-rehabilitation facilities, de addiction centres etc.)

Special schools

Main stream Schools

Chronic care facilities

Social agencies/Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) & Disaster Management Projects

Hospice care facilities

Mental Health Setups /Institutions and Hospitals

Industries

Self employed

Very Good job opportunity in India but also in Abroad

Benefit from Occupational Therapy  : A wide variety of people may benefit from Occupational Therapy, these may include people with:

•  Work-related injuries including lower back problems or repetitive strain injuries

•  Physical, cognitive or psychological limitations following a stroke, brain injury or heart attack

•  Arthritis, multiple sclerosis, or other serious chronic conditions

•  Birth injuries, learning difficulties, or developmental disabilities

•  Mental health difficulties Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia, and post-traumatic stress

•  Substance abuse problems or eating disorders

•  Obsessive compulsions, or diagnosed obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

•  Burns, spinal cord injuries, or amputations

•  Fractures or other injuries from falls, sports injuries, or accidents

•  Visual, perceptual or cognitive impairment

•  Developmental disabilities such as autism or cerebral palsy

•  Domestic abuse issues.