WHAT IS OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY?
Occupational Therapy is a Health care profession which uses a holistic evidence-based client-centred approach. It is often the first contact and/or referral profession of the modern health care system. It is based on the science of occupation, with a primary focus on purposeful goal-oriented activity/occupations, which is enhanced with the use of the latest technological systems for evaluation, diagnosis, education and treatment of patients (clients) of any age group. Occupational therapy helps those whose function(s) is (are) impaired by physical, psychosocial and cognitive impairments, development disorders, or the ageing processes that affect their quality of life. It aims to prevent disability, promote health & well-being and helps patients return to optimum occupational roles. Specific occupational therapy services include but are not limited to: preventive health literacy, assessment & interventions in activities of daily living (ADL), work & productive activities, play, leisure and spiritual activities, functional capacity analysis, prescription, designing and training in the use of assistive technology, adaptive equipment & splints, and environmental modifications to enhance functional performance.
The use of goal-oriented, purposeful activity in the assessment and treatment of people with psychological, physical, or developmental disabilities
Occupational therapists work with individuals, families, groups and populations to facilitate health and well-being through engagement or re-engagement in occupation. Occupational therapists are becoming increasingly involved in addressing the impact of social and environmental factors that contribute to exclusion and occupational deprivation. Therapeutic use of selfcare, work and play activities to increase independent function, enhances development, and prevents disability. It may include adaptation of task or environment to achieve maximum independence and to enhance quality of life. Occupational therapists focus on making independence a reality. While complete independence may not occur depending on the extent of the disability, occupational therapists will work with the patient or client to come up with strategies, techniques, or adaptations so that they can be as independent as possible. Occupational therapists use occupations to enable this.
Occupational Therapy gives people the "skills for the job of living” necessary for living meaningful and satisfying lives. Occupational Therapy is based on concept and models and services typically include:
- Customized treatment programs to improve one’s ability to perform daily activities
- Comprehensive home and job site evaluations with adaptation recommendations
- Performance skills assessments and treatment
- Adaptive equipment recommendations and usage training
- Guidance to family members and caregivers.
- Customized treatment programs to improve one’s ability to perform daily
WHAT IS THE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA?
The Top paramedical college in Delhi NCR requires Science stream Biology Group (PCB subjects) students, who have passed 12th Science board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Candidate must also have scored a minimum score of 50% marks in PCB subjects.
WHAT IS THE DURATION OF COURSE?
Occupational Therapy Courses in Ghaziabad are undergraduate courses. The course lasts for a period of 4½ years. Academic program is 4 years long. 6 months are dedicated towards compulsory internship.
Does Occupational-therapy need NEET?
Till last year 2021 UGNEET was not required. As per Attal Bihari Vajpayee Medical University, Lucknow criteria, for the Best paramedical courses there is an entrance exam as per which 50% marks is needed. Syllabus of this entrance exams includes topics of physics, chemistry and biology level of 10th and 12th.
HOW OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST WORKS?
DIAGNOSIS AND ASSESMENT: -
The Best paramedical courses focus on initial and on-going assessments. The occupational therapist together with the person they are working with focus on individual and environmental abilities and problems related to activities in the person's daily life.
Assessment includes the use of standardized procedures, interviews, observations in a variety of settings and consultation with significant people in the person's life.
The results of the assessment are the basis of the plan which includes short and long-term aims of treatment. The plan should be relevant to the person's development stage, habits, roles, life-style preferences and the environment
Intervention focuses on programs that are person oriented and environmental. These are designed to facilitate the performance of everyday tasks and adaptation of settings in which the person works, lives and socializes. Examples include teaching new techniques and providing equipment which facilitate independence in personal care, reducing environmental barriers and providing resources to lessen stress.
Msc paramedical course in Ghaziabad help you recognize the importance of teamwork. Cooperation and coordination with other professionals, families, caregivers and volunteers are important in the realization of the holistic approach.
What are the scopes in Occupational therapy ?
top paramedical college in Delhi NCR – Santosh Institute prepares you for a career in:
- Parent or family counselling and education
- Independent living skills: Selfcare or self- maintenance
- Socialization, leisure activities and education
- Employment and academic preparations
- Designing and application of orthotics and splints
- Therapeutic exercises
- Neurological disorders
- Hand therapy
- Psychiatric and mental health
- Developmental conditions
- Assistive technologies
- School problems and behaviour
Types of disorders who need an occupational therapy intervention?
Best paramedical courses like the Occupational Therapy course equip you to treat :
- PDD/Behavioural issues:
- Autism spectrum disorder
- Static encephalopathy:
- Cerebral palsy
- Stroke follow up
- Global developmental delay/MR/ID
- Learning disorder
- Genetic disorders: Down’s syndrome
- Sensory processing disorder
- Handwriting problems
- Orthopaedic injuries
- Traumatic brain injuries
- Spine disorders: Spina bifida
- Neuropathies: Erb’s palsy
- Myopathy/dystrophy: DMD
- Vocational counselling
- Eating disorder
- Personality disorder
- Mood disorders
- Behavioural disorders
- Disorders of trauma at infancy, childhood and adolescence
- Child abuse
- Pseudo epilepsy
- Alcoholism and drug addictions
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Spinal Cord Injury
- Multiple sclerosis
- Facial palsy
- Sprain and strain
- Scoliosis/ kyphosis/ lordosis / low backache
- Tennis elbow
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Tendon injuries
- Visually handicapped
- Hand injuries
- Posture and gait deformities
WHAT ARE THE OPPORTUNITIESS AFTER BOT?
In the field of occupational therapy, there is many types of recruiters. Occupational Therapy Courses in Ghaziabad prepares you for employment in the areas of:
- Private Practice/Private clinics
- Rehabilitation Centers
- Multispecialty Hospitals
- Non-Governmental Organization
- Teaching to Under & Post Graduates
- In Industry for rehabilitation of Injured worker
- Mental Hospitals
- Geriatric homes/Old age Homes
- Centers for Physically and Mentally Handicapped Children
- Community health centre
- Occupational health centre
- GP practices / primary care
- education establishments
- housing associations
- industrial and commercial organizations
- clients homes
- Global practice
- social services and council departments
- residential and nursing homes
- charities and voluntary agencies